It comes after new allegations that some rogue Whitehall officials are blocking Mr Johnson’s hydrogen plans that he spelled out in his UK hydrogen strategy as part of his’ ten point plan for an industrial revolution green “. Industry experts have denounced the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) for releasing details hidden in their heat and buildings strategy that reveal a plot to force UK manufacturers heaters to manufacture heat pumps.

The Heat and Buildings Strategy describes how the UK will decarbonize homes, commercial, industrial and public buildings, as part of achieving net zero emissions by 2050.

But while the heat pumps have been strongly opposed by a range of voices, from pundits to campaigners, it seems Whitehall is still silently moving forward with plans to deploy them.

Mike Foster, CEO of Energy Utilities Alliance, said: “This is the least conservative industrial policy I have ever seen.

“Forcing successful UK businesses to do what Whitehall officials want, rather than what consumers want, is an extraordinary degree of state interference.

“If consumers want heat pumps, then these manufacturing companies will make them and sell them.

“But being fined for not selling something the public currently doesn’t want is bizarre, especially when Cabinet ministers accept that heat pumps are not yet ready for the mass market.

“It’s almost as if Whitehall officials are deliberately trying to embarrass the Prime Minister by using tactics he has previously ridiculed for the EU.

“It’s the revenge of the remnants within BEIS.”

On average £ 10,000 worth of heat pumps to be installed, and even with confirmation from the government that it will provide grants of £ 5,000, opponents of the strategy have criticized the high cost of heat pumps.

While a £ 450million fund will only cover 90,000 heat pump installations over three years, the government’s own target is 600,000 per year by 2028 as it plans to phase out boilers gas as part of the green transition.

The European Union adopted legislation to encourage the use of renewable energy sources (RES) in 2009 (2009/28 / EC). Article 2 of the RES Directive defines which energy sources are considered renewable. It includes aerothermal energy (energy stored in the air), hydrothermal energy (energy stored in water) and geothermal energy (energy stored under the earth’s crust).

The directive explicitly recognizes heat pump technology as necessary to use these renewable sources. The European Union supports renewable energy from heat pumps, which is why the majority of EU member states offer grants for such projects.

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The EU sees heat pumps as an important strategy to achieve net zero carbon emissions, and the UK currently has the lowest number of heat pumps on the continent.

CEOs of major energy groups in the bloc, including Spain’s Iberdrola, Italy’s Enel and French EDF, have all called for replacing fossil-fuel boilers with electric heat pumps, which they say will reduce consumption. final energy in buildings by more than 66%.

But Mr Foster is not impressed with the EU’s obsession with heat pumps.

He said there was absolutely no need for the UK to timidly follow the EU on a policy they know little about.

He added: “The most troubling aspect of this policy is the sheer lack of understanding of how markets work.

“If the government wants to install heat pumps, it must make them more attractive to consumers. According to the Prime Minister, they cost “ten thousand dollars a pop”, well beyond the reach of most. People cannot afford them.

“Without consumer demand, companies won’t supply products for fear of creating a mountain of unsold heat pumps filling warehouses across the country, all because Whitehall thinks he knows best.”